What are they? Terpenes are a type of organic compound produced by plants. They give each strain of cannabis their unique smell and flavor by working together with THC, CBD and other cannabinoids to achieve various health benefits.
It is now believed that cannabinoids and terpenes, acting in synergy, are responsible for the differences in both medicinal and psychoactive effects produced by cannabis varieties, which is called the “entourage effect”.
Here are a few popular terpenes you may find in your medicine.
Alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are monoterpenes found in many conifers. Did you know pinene is responsible for much of the aroma of Christmas trees? These benefits often include anti-inflammatory effects, pain relief, and inducing of an alert mind state.
Limonene is a common monoterpene in citrus fruits, especially their peels. Limonene and terpinolene are the terpenes responsible for the citrusy scent found in cannabis varieties. In cannabis, limonene is associated commonly with blissful, uplifted euphoria effects.
Myrcene is typically associated with an Indica-type or “couchlock” effect in cannabis. Myrcene may aid in relaxation through an aroma profile of earthy herbal and floral scents.
Beta-caryophyllene is the most common cannabis sesquiterpene , and is linked to stimulating effects in some varieties. Beta-caryophyllene strongly interacts with the CB2 receptor and is also produced by black pepper, cloves, and hops.
Linalool’s profile of sweet and floral aromas are commonly found in lavender, basil and goldenrods. This naturally occurring chemical is associated generally with calming, anti anxiety effects.
A citrusy terpene commonly found in tea tree, lilacs, apples and nutmeg. Terpinolene’s aroma of earthy, piney and woodsy may provide anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
It is important to talk to your recommending physician about whether pinene, limonene, myrcene, caryophyllene, linalool or terpinolene can be used to treat symptoms of your qualifying condition.